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Functional Supramolecular Hybrid Materials

  1. Knut Rurack1,
  2. Ramón Martínez-Máñez2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0346

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Rurack, K. and Martínez-Máñez, R. 2011. Functional Supramolecular Hybrid Materials. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany

  2. 2

    Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

Abstract

The combination of suitable nanoscopic inorganic supports with supramolecular concepts and bioconjugation strategies opens up exciting perspectives for the development of bioinorganic and organic–inorganic hybrid materials with improved functionalities. Many of the examples from the period 2004 to mid-2007 reviewed here bridge the gap between molecules, materials sciences, biochemistry, and nanotechnology. The synergistic use of these approaches has led to the advancement of various functions such as enhanced recognition, amplified signaling, the controlled assembly and disassembly of aggregates and 3-D architectures. Many of the implemented active functions can be carried out in a reversible and directed fashion on purpose by triggering with an external stimulus. These ideas bring tunability to properties of inorganic solids and new perspectives of application to biochemical and supramolecular concepts. Classic inorganic chemistries such as metal or semiconductor nanoparticles, silica or carbon materials, and coordination chemistry are thus elevated to another level of sophistication and contribute significantly to frontier research areas in directed transport and delivery, nanoelectronics and mechanics, chip technology, smart materials, memory devices, and bioanalytics.

Keywords:

  • biochemistry;
  • biomacromolecules;
  • DNA;
  • gold;
  • hybrid materials;
  • nanoparticles;
  • quantum dots;
  • self-assembly;
  • sensing;
  • silica;
  • supramolecular chemistry