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Inorganic Nanomaterials Synthesis Using Liquid Crystals

  1. Cédric Boissière1,
  2. David Grosso1,
  3. Eric Prouzet2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc0356

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Boissière, C., Grosso, D. and Prouzet, E. 2011. Inorganic Nanomaterials Synthesis Using Liquid Crystals. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    LCMC, CNRS—University of Paris 6, Paris, France

  2. 2

    University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2011

Abstract

Soft matter offers a unique property that combines high order with specific geometry and high dynamics that allows this geometry to adapt easily to rapid changes in physicochemical parameters. This property has been used in many systems for the formation of nanostructures when a soft matter such as liquid crystals acts as a mold that can be easily tuned and also removed once the material has been synthesized. In this review, we describe the general bases of the mechanisms that lead to nanostructured materials. Specific emphasis is given on the evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) method, where a liquid crystal is obtained upon drying of a complex solution during evaporation in a thin film. We also describe how surface micropatterning can be obtained by coupling solid-state chemistry and soft matter and perspectives based on versatility of liquid crystals.

Keywords:

  • liquid crystal;
  • nanostructure;
  • integrative chemistry;
  • EISA;
  • micropatterning;
  • dielectric;
  • thin film;
  • evaporation-induced self-assembly;
  • nanocasting;
  • photocatalysis;
  • sensor;
  • low-k;
  • photonic;
  • membrane