Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Wang, X. and Li, J. 2011. Europium: Radionuclides. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
The physicochemical behavior of europium in the environment and the speciation of europium under different experimental conditions are described. The behavior and speciation of Eu(III) in the environment are dominated by the surface properties of solid particles, presence of natural organic and inorganic materials, pH values of the systems, and other parameters. Europium can be characterized and analyzed by spectrophotometry, polarography, atomic adsorption spectrometry (AAS), atomic emission spectrometry (AES), atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS), atom mass spectrometry (AMS), X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XFS), neutron activation analysis (NAA), and liquid scintillation counting (LSC).