Oak Ridge Reservation: Radionuclides
Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Jardine, P. M., Brooks, S. C. and Watson, D. B. 2011. Oak Ridge Reservation: Radionuclides. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2011
The Department of Energy (DOE) facilities on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) have a rich history of radionuclide separation technologies and research involving the conversion of uranium to plutonium for thermonuclear weapon parts during WWII and the Cold War era. During this period, tens of millions of curies of radioactive waste was typically disposed in unlined surface impoundments and shallow subsurface trenches. The disposal methods have resulted in a daunting challenge of remediating huge below-ground inventories of legacy radioactive waste, since the scale of the problem is at the watershed level. The focus of this article is to provide an overview of past and current activities on the ORR that involve the use, disposal, and remediation of radionuclide isotopes. The aim of the article is to provide an improved understanding of why radioactive material was generated, how it was used and disposed of, and how it continues to interact with the environment.
- subsurface legacy waste;
- radionuclide fate and transport;
- subsurface coupled processes;
- multiple scales;
- radionuclide containment;