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Lanthanides: Homogeneous Catalysis

  1. Yingming Yao,
  2. Kun Nie

Published Online: 17 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc2046

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Yao, Y. and Nie, K. 2012. Lanthanides: Homogeneous Catalysis. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. Soochow University, Suzhou, People's Republic of China

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 DEC 2012

Abstract

Organolanthanide complexes are those compounds containing Ln-X σ-bonds, such as alkyls, amides, hydrides, alkoxides, and aryloxides, which readily hydrolyze when they are exposed to moist air, with the formation of the lanthanide hydroxides. The potential applications of organolanthanide complexes in homogeneous catalysis are the main driving force for the development of organolanthanide chemistry. In the past decades, organolanthanide chemistry has received a rapid development, and a variety of ligand systems including cyclopentadienyl and noncyclopentadienyl groups were developed to stabilize numerous organolanthanide complexes. Indeed, some organolanthanide complexes show exciting catalytic activity in homogeneous catalysis, both in organic synthesis and polymerization. For example, some organolanthanide complexes can efficiently catalyze organic transformations such as hydroelementations of alkenes, the amidation of aldehydes with amines, Tishchenko reaction, addition of amines to nitriles, and guanylation of carbodiimides. Organolanthanide complexes can also catalyze the polymerization of some nonpolar and polar monomers. In this chapter, the recent developments of the application of organolanthanide complexes in homogeneous catalysis are summarized.

Keywords:

  • organolanthanide;
  • homogeneous catalysis;
  • organic transformation;
  • polymerization;
  • hydroelementation;
  • amidation;
  • guanylation;
  • diene;
  • methyl methacrylate;
  • cyclic ester