Standard Article

Lanthanides: Metal-Organic Frameworks

  1. John Hamilton Walrod II,
  2. David A. Atwood

Published Online: 17 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc2077

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Walrod, J. H. and Atwood, D. A. 2012. Lanthanides: Metal-Organic Frameworks. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. .

Author Information

  1. University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 DEC 2012


Rare earth metal-organic frameworks generally contain lanthanide Ln3+ ions coordinated by organic linkers with “hard” Lewis bases forming highly crystalline porous polymers. This chapter provides a brief description of rare earth metal-organic frameworks and provides a comparison of their chemical and physical properties. The unique luminescent properties are examined across the lanthanide series and the origin of luminescence in rare earth metal-organic frameworks is explored in detail. Potential applications involving rare earth metal-organic frameworks are discussed. This includes their use as chemical sensors for various ions, small molecules, and changes in temperature. Additionally, their utility as potential materials for novel biotechnology applications is highlighted.


  • rare earth;
  • coordination polymer;
  • metal-organic framework;
  • luminescence;
  • chemical sensors;
  • biotechnology