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Lanthanide Nanoparticles for Medical Imaging

  1. Sophie Laurent,
  2. Luce Vander Elst,
  3. Robert N. Muller

Published Online: 23 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438.eibc2236

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

How to Cite

Laurent, S., Elst, L. V. and Muller, R. N. 2013. Lanthanide Nanoparticles for Medical Imaging. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. 1–9.

Author Information

  1. University of Mons, Mons, Belgium

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 SEP 2013

Abstract

This article briefly reviews the methods for the synthesis and characterization of lanthanide nanoparticles (NPs) with luminescent and/or magnetic properties. Lanthanide ions exhibit advantageous optical properties, such as high photostability, a long luminescence lifetime, narrow emission bands, and a broad absorption band. Different nanosystems are described in terms of their biomedical applications: luminescent LaF3 NPs (the most chosen host matrix), persistent luminescence NPs (Ln-doped Ca0.2Mg0.9Zn0.9Si2O6 NPs), upconversion NPs (NaYF4), and paramagnetic NPs (Gd complexes on Au NPs or on silica NPs).

Keywords:

  • imaging;
  • lanthanide;
  • nanoparticles;
  • upconversion;
  • MRI;
  • TEM;
  • fluorescence