Lanthanide Nanoparticles for Medical Imaging
Published Online: 23 SEP 2013
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry
How to Cite
Laurent, S., Elst, L. V. and Muller, R. N. 2013. Lanthanide Nanoparticles for Medical Imaging. Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry. 1–9.
- Published Online: 23 SEP 2013
This article briefly reviews the methods for the synthesis and characterization of lanthanide nanoparticles (NPs) with luminescent and/or magnetic properties. Lanthanide ions exhibit advantageous optical properties, such as high photostability, a long luminescence lifetime, narrow emission bands, and a broad absorption band. Different nanosystems are described in terms of their biomedical applications: luminescent LaF3 NPs (the most chosen host matrix), persistent luminescence NPs (Ln-doped Ca0.2Mg0.9Zn0.9Si2O6 NPs), upconversion NPs (NaYF4), and paramagnetic NPs (Gd complexes on Au NPs or on silica NPs).