2. Foam Morphology

  1. Paul Stevenson
  1. Denis Weaire,
  2. Steven T. Tobin,
  3. Aaron J. Meagher and
  4. Stefan Hutzler

Published Online: 8 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119954620.ch2

Foam Engineering: Fundamentals and Applications

Foam Engineering: Fundamentals and Applications

How to Cite

Weaire, D., Tobin, S. T., Meagher, A. J. and Hutzler, S. (2012) Foam Morphology, in Foam Engineering: Fundamentals and Applications (ed P. Stevenson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119954620.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Author Information

  1. School of Physics, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 JAN 2012
  2. Published Print: 17 FEB 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470660805

Online ISBN: 9781119954620



  • foam morphology, the basic rules;
  • foams in industry and everyday life, three-dimensional;
  • laboratory experiments, and two-dimensional foams;
  • 3D dry and wet foams;
  • two-dimensional, modelled using circular arcs;
  • between the two limits in 2D;
  • ordered foams, 2D hexagonal honeycomb and disordered foams;
  • ordered 2D foams and discrete microfluidics;
  • statistics of 3D foams;
  • foam morphology, geometrical patterns in 2D and 3D


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Basic Rules of Foam Morphology

  • Two-dimensional Foams

  • Ordered Foams

  • Disordered Foams

  • Statistics of 3D Foams

  • Structures in Transition: Instabilities and Topological Changes

  • Other Types of Foams

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements

  • References