13. Anxiety Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence

  1. William M. Klykylo2 and
  2. Jerald Kay3
  1. Craig L. Donnelly and
  2. Jesse C. Rhoads

Published Online: 30 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119962229.ch13

Clinical Child Psychiatry, Third Edition

Clinical Child Psychiatry, Third Edition

How to Cite

Donnelly, C. L. and Rhoads, J. C. (2012) Anxiety Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, in Clinical Child Psychiatry, Third Edition (eds W. M. Klykylo and J. Kay), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119962229.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Psychiatry, Wright State University School of Medicine, 627 S. Edwin C Moses Blvd, P.O. Box 927, Dayton, OH 45401-0927, USA

  2. 3

    Department of Psychiatry, Wright State University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 927, Dayton, OH 45401-0927, USA

Author Information

  1. Section of Pediatric Psychopharmacology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756-0001, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 30 MAR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119993346

Online ISBN: 9781119962229

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Keywords:

  • separation anxiety;
  • internalizing;
  • school refusal;
  • generalized anxiety disorder (GAD);
  • phobia;
  • panic disorder;
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD);
  • selective mutism;
  • psychoeducation;
  • selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI);
  • cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT);
  • desensitization

Summary

This chapter provides the basics for evaluating and treating each of the recognized childhood anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders are characterized as “internalizing” disorders, along with depression and dysthymia, and stand in distinction to the “externalizing” disorders of childhood such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents, affecting 31.9% of children under the age of 18 at some point in their lives, with 8.3% having a severely impairing disorder. The definition, incidence and prevalence, etiology, natural history, diagnosis and treatment are given for the main childhood anxiety disorders: separation anxiety, school refusal, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social phobia, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and selective mutism.