6. Raman Spectroscopy of Drugs of Abuse

  1. John M. Chalmers3,
  2. Howell G. M. Edwards4 and
  3. Michael D. Hargreaves5
  1. Steven E. J. Bell1,
  2. Samantha P. Stewart1 and
  3. S. James Speers2

Published Online: 10 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119962328.ch6

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

How to Cite

Bell, S. E. J., Stewart, S. P. and Speers, S. J. (2012) Raman Spectroscopy of Drugs of Abuse, in Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science (eds J. M. Chalmers, H. G. M. Edwards and M. D. Hargreaves), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119962328.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 3

    VS Consulting, Stokesley, UK

  2. 4

    Chemical and Forensic Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK

  3. 5

    Thermo Scientific Portable Optical Analyzers, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Wilmington, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Queen's University, Belfast BT9 5AG, UK

  2. 2

    Forensic Science Northern Ireland, 151 Belfast Rd, Carrickfergus BT38 8PI, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 JAN 2012
  2. Published Print: 10 FEB 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470749067

Online ISBN: 9781119962328



  • drugs, and drugs of abuse in bulk materials, trace detection;
  • drugs of abuse, unique, information-rich vibrational spectra;
  • data providing a “spectroscopic fingerprint”;
  • Raman spectra, of three members of the “ecstasy” family;
  • Raman scattering methods, analysis of drugs of abuse;
  • means of avoiding fluorescence, changing excitation wavelength;
  • benchtop Raman analysis, well-established with rapid identification;
  • Raman in forensic drugs casework, detecting drugs in seized samples;
  • confocal Raman microscopy, drugs in fingerprints, cyanoacrylate-fumed fingerprints


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Bulk Drugs

  • Trace Detection

  • Conclusions

  • References