7c. Study of Manuscripts by Vibrational Spectroscopy

  1. John M. Chalmers2,
  2. Howell G. M. Edwards3 and
  3. Michael D. Hargreaves4
  1. Lucia Burgio

Published Online: 10 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119962328.ch7c

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science

How to Cite

Burgio, L. (2012) Study of Manuscripts by Vibrational Spectroscopy, in Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science (eds J. M. Chalmers, H. G. M. Edwards and M. D. Hargreaves), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119962328.ch7c

Editor Information

  1. 2

    VS Consulting, Stokesley, UK

  2. 3

    Chemical and Forensic Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK

  3. 4

    Thermo Scientific Portable Optical Analyzers, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Wilmington, USA

Author Information

  1. Science Section, Conservation Department, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 JAN 2012
  2. Published Print: 10 FEB 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470749067

Online ISBN: 9781119962328



  • study of manuscripts, by vibrational spectroscopy;
  • forensic science viewpoint, Raman microscopy in analysis of manuscripts;
  • pigments and dyes on manuscripts, for museum, cultural heritage institutions;
  • Raman microscopy, specific, unique fingerprint for materials analysed;
  • dating and authentication, search for date markers using pigments or dyes;
  • search for date markers, scientific, supporting/disproving curatorial skepticism;
  • six Egyptian papyri and Raman, six not being ancient, being painted after 1939;
  • Raman analysis of manuscripts, evidence of trade routes for artists' materials;
  • laser excitation wavelength choice, critical, in limiting beam absorption;
  • IR spectroscopy, for analysis of binding medium on manuscripts


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Why Raman Microscopy?

  • Dating and Authentication

  • Provenance and Trade Routes

  • Infrared Spectroscopy

  • Acknowledgements

  • References