5. Integral Imaging

  1. Ernst Lueder

Published Online: 23 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119962762.ch5

3D Displays

3D Displays

How to Cite

Lueder, E. (2011) Integral Imaging, in 3D Displays, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119962762.ch5

Author Information

  1. University of Stuttgart, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 NOV 2011
  2. Published Print: 23 DEC 2011

Book Series:

  1. Wiley–SID Series in Display Technology

Book Series Editors:

  1. Anthony C. Lowe

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119991519

Online ISBN: 9781119962762



  • 3D image;
  • integral imaging;
  • Integral videography (IV);
  • polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display (PDLC)


Integral imaging, also called integral photography, offers a true 3D image. In integral imaging the perception of depth is limited by out-of-focus images originating from a narrow depth of field area, by a narrow viewing angle given by the f-number of the lenses, defined as the focal length divided by the diameter of the aperture, and by limited resolution. The resolution of a small area of an elemental image is supposed to represent the better part of the entire object, which requires a large and not-easy-to-realize pixel density. This chapter presents remedies for an improvement of these challenges. Integral videography (IV) is an extension of integral imaging allowing video and interactive content to be viewed by several observers. The chapter investigates a 2D/3D approach in which a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display (PDLC) is switched off for a 2Ddisplay and switched on for a 3Dpresentation.

Controlled Vocabulary Terms

polymer dispersed liquid crystals; three-dimensional displays; video recording