9. Symptom Management

  1. Howard L. Weiner MD3,4,5 and
  2. James M. Stankiewicz MD3,4
  1. Lynn Stazzone RN, MSN, NP1,4 and
  2. Brandon Brown PharmD2

Published Online: 23 FEB 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119963714.ch9

Multiple Sclerosis: Diagnosis and Therapy

Multiple Sclerosis: Diagnosis and Therapy

How to Cite

Stazzone, L. and Brown, B. (2012) Symptom Management, in Multiple Sclerosis: Diagnosis and Therapy (eds H. L. Weiner and J. M. Stankiewicz), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119963714.ch9

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

  2. 4

    Partners Multiple Sclerosis Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

  3. 5

    Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

  2. 2

    Novartis Pharmaceuticals, West Roxbury, MA, USA

  3. 4

    Partners Multiple Sclerosis Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 FEB 2012
  2. Published Print: 6 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470654637

Online ISBN: 9781119963714

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Keywords:

  • Symptoms;
  • fatigue;
  • spasticity;
  • tremor;
  • bladder dysfunction;
  • sexual dysfunction;
  • pain;
  • alternative medicine;
  • rehabilitation

Summary

Beyond disease modification and managing side effects, symptom management adds layers of complexity in treating individuals with multiple sclerosis. This chapter will focus on alleviating primary symptoms; which are the direct result of demyelination within the brain and spinal cord as well as axonal loss. The more common symptoms, potential causes and management strategies will be reviewed. Alternative options as well as rehabilitative services will be touched upon. In a chronic disease like multiple sclerosis, it is incumbent on the healthcare professional to build a trusting relationship with the patient. Through disease modification and symptom management, healthcare providers offer hope to patients with multiple sclerosis, which improves quality of life.