35. Gestational Hypertension, Preeclampsia, and Eclampsia

  1. John T. Queenan MD2,
  2. Catherine Y. Spong MD3 and
  3. Charles J. Lockwood MD4
  1. Labib M. Ghulmiyyah and
  2. Baha M. Sibai MD

Published Online: 4 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119963783.ch35

Queenan's Management of High-Risk Pregnancy: An Evidence-Based Approach, Sixth Edition

Queenan's Management of High-Risk Pregnancy: An Evidence-Based Approach, Sixth Edition

How to Cite

Ghulmiyyah, L. M. and Sibai, B. M. (2012) Gestational Hypertension, Preeclampsia, and Eclampsia, in Queenan's Management of High-Risk Pregnancy: An Evidence-Based Approach, Sixth Edition (eds J. T. Queenan, C. Y. Spong and C. J. Lockwood), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119963783.ch35

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA

  2. 3

    Bethesda, MD, USA

  3. 4

    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA

Author Information

  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 JAN 2012
  2. Published Print: 24 FEB 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470655764

Online ISBN: 9781119963783

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Keywords:

  • gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia;
  • hypertension, medical disorder, arising in pregnancy;
  • gestational hypertension, systolic of 140, diastolic BP of 90 mmHg;
  • preeclampsia, as gestational hypertension plus proteinuria;
  • gestational hypertension management, and safety of mother;
  • etiology of preeclampsia, obstetric enigma;
  • expectant management of severe preeclampsia;
  • HELLP syndrome, preeclampsia/eclampsia complications;
  • recommended criteria for HELLP syndrome;
  • eclampsia, seizures and unexplained coma in pregnancy

Summary

Hypertension is the most common medical disorder arising during pregnancy. Approximately 70% of women diagnosed with hypertension during pregnancy will have gestational hypertension/preeclampsia. The term “preeclampsia” is used to describe a wide spectrum of patients who may have only mild elevation in blood pressure or severe hypertension with end-organ dysfunction, including acute gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, eclampsia, and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome.