2. Performance Tradeoffs and the Development of Standards

  1. Plamen Angelov
  1. Andrew Zeitlin

Published Online: 11 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119964049.ch2

Sense and Avoid in UAS: Research and Applications

Sense and Avoid in UAS: Research and Applications

How to Cite

Zeitlin, A. (2012) Performance Tradeoffs and the Development of Standards, in Sense and Avoid in UAS: Research and Applications (ed P. Angelov), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119964049.ch2

Editor Information

  1. School of Computing and Communications, Lancaster University, UK

Author Information

  1. MITRE Corporation, McLean, VA, USA

  1. This work was produced for the US Government under Contract DTFAWA-10-C-00080 and is subject to Federal Aviation Administration Acquisition Management System Clause 3.5-13, Rights In Data-General, Alt. III and Alt. IV (October 1996). The contents of this material reflect the views of the author and/or the Director of the Center for Advanced Aviation System Development. Neither the Federal Aviation Administration nor the Department of Transportation makes any warranty or guarantee, or promise, expressed or implied, concerning the content or accuracy of the views expressed herein. Approved for Public Release: 11-3338. Distribution Unlimited.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 APR 2012
  2. Published Print: 13 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470979754

Online ISBN: 9781119964049



  • performance tradeoffs and standards;
  • S&A function, resolving hazards to safe flight;
  • motivation of S&A, preventing collisions;
  • S&A configurations;
  • S&A function, to supply two services;
  • tracking and trajectory prediction;
  • S&A, threatening from nonthreatening traffic;
  • notional timeline for S&A;
  • UAS standards, system and operations;
  • standards, and regulatory approvals of S&A


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Scope of Sense and Avoid

  • System Configurations

  • S&A Services and Sub-functions

  • Sensor Capabilities

  • Tracking and Trajectory Prediction

  • Threat Declaration and Resolution Decisions

  • Sense and Avoid Timeline

  • Safety Assessment

  • Modeling and Simulation

  • Human Factors

  • Standards Process

  • Conclusion

  • References