18. Seabirds and Marine Mammals

  1. Richard M. Sibly3,
  2. James H. Brown4 and
  3. Astrid Kodric-Brown4
  1. Daniel P. Costa1 and
  2. Scott A. Shaffer2

Published Online: 27 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781119968535.ch18

Metabolic Ecology: A Scaling Approach

Metabolic Ecology: A Scaling Approach

How to Cite

Costa, D. P. and Shaffer, S. A. (2012) Seabirds and Marine Mammals, in Metabolic Ecology: A Scaling Approach (eds R. M. Sibly, J. H. Brown and A. Kodric-Brown), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119968535.ch18

Editor Information

  1. 3

    University of Reading, UK

  2. 4

    University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of California, Santa Cruz, USA

  2. 2

    San Jose State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 13 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470671535

Online ISBN: 9781119968535



  • seabirds and marine mammals;
  • MTE, baseline in understanding deviation;
  • foraging scales;
  • soaring flight albatrosses, evolutionary specialization;
  • foraging range, and prey delivery methods;
  • field metabolic rates, and costs in flight;
  • high aspect ratio wings and wing lock mechanism;
  • MTE, framework identifying patterns


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Summary

  • Introduction

  • General Patterns of Energy Intake and Expenditure, Foraging, and Reproduction

  • Comparisons among Seabirds

  • Concluding Remarks

  • Acknowledgments