12. South Central Asia

  1. Eskild Petersen MD, DMSc, DTM&H, MBA, FFTM RCPS (Glas)4,
  2. Lin H. Chen MD, FACP5,6 and
  3. Patricia Schlagenhauf BSc (Pharm), MPSI, PhD, FFTM RCPS (Glasgow)7
  1. Prativa Pandey MD1,
  2. Holly Murphy MD1,2 and
  3. Ashish Bhalla MD3

Published Online: 16 MAY 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119971641.ch12

Infectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide

Infectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide

How to Cite

Pandey, P., Murphy, H. and Bhalla, A. (2011) South Central Asia, in Infectious Diseases: A Geographic Guide (eds E. Petersen, L. H. Chen and P. Schlagenhauf), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119971641.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Aarhus, Denmark

  2. 5

    Travel Medicine Center, Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

  3. 6

    Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

  4. 7

    University of Zürich Centre for Travel Medicine, WHO Collaborating Centre for Travellers' Health, Zürich, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. 1

    CIWEC Clinic Travel Medicine Center, Kathmandu, Nepal

  2. 2

    Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

  3. 3

    Department of Internal Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAY 2011
  2. Published Print: 14 JUN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470655290

Online ISBN: 9781119971641



  • Eastern;
  • Asia;
  • Respiratory;
  • Hepatitis;
  • Japanese Encephalitis;
  • Tuberculosis;
  • Rabies;
  • Rickettsia


The South Central Asian region varies vastly in geography (from sea level to Mt. Everest), climate, language, and culture. All of these are developing countries with gross national income (GNI) varying from USD 400 (Nepal) to 6,140 (Kazakhstan) per capita. Life expectancy is as low as 44 years in Afghanistan to 72 in Sri Lanka. Infectious diseases account for significant mortality and morbidity in this region.