6. Probability and Distribution

  1. Dieter Rasch1,
  2. Klaus D. Kubinger2 and
  3. Takuya Yanagida2

Published Online: 28 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119979630.ch6

Statistics in Psychology Using R and SPSS

Statistics in Psychology Using R and SPSS

How to Cite

Rasch, D., Kubinger, K. D. and Yanagida, T. (2011) Probability and Distribution, in Statistics in Psychology Using R and SPSS, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119979630.ch6

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria

  2. 2

    University of Vienna, Austria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 OCT 2011
  2. Published Print: 2 DEC 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470971246

Online ISBN: 9781119979630



  • inferential statistics, one character;
  • probability and distribution;
  • relative frequencies;
  • probability theory;
  • complementary events;
  • conditional relative frequency;
  • random variable;
  • binomial distribution;
  • permutations with replication


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Relative Frequencies and Probabilities

  • Random Variable and Theoretical Distributions

  • Quantiles of Theoretical Distribution Functions

  • Mean and Variance of Theoretical Distributions

  • Estimation of Unknown Parameters

  • References