6. Upgrading Fast Pyrolysis Liquids

  1. Robert C. Brown
  1. Anthony V. Bridgwater

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119990840.ch6

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

How to Cite

Bridgwater, A. V. (2011) Upgrading Fast Pyrolysis Liquids, in Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power (ed R. C. Brown), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119990840.ch6

Editor Information

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, USA

Author Information

  1. Bioenergy Research Group, Aston University, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 MAR 2011

Book Series:

  1. Wiley Series in Renewable Resources

Book Series Editors:

  1. Christian V. Stevens

Series Editor Information

  1. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470721117

Online ISBN: 9781119990840

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • upgrading fast pyrolysis liquids - pyrolysis, thermal decomposition in absence of oxygen;
  • bio-oil product from fast pyrolysis - 75 wt% on a dry-feed basis, with by-product char and gas;
  • biomass feed composition - effect on bio-oil yield and quality;
  • biomass contamination, in ways - as chlorine from seaside locations and biocide applications, sulfur from fertilizer applications, metals and inorganic compounds from soil;
  • aging or instability - known problems affecting most bio-oils;
  • bio-oil, emulsified with diesel oil with aid of surfactants - stable microemulsions of bio-oil in diesel, at CANMET;
  • bio-oil, rapid freezing of complex degradation process - liquid, unstable;
  • upgrading bio-oil to conventional transport fuel - as diesel, gasoline, kerosene, methane and LPG, full deoxygenation and conventional refining;
  • organizations, in catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis - hydrotreatment, and related processes since 2000;
  • exciting opportunities and future for fast pyrolysis - moving from laboratory to commercial reality in a short time

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction to Fast Pyrolysis and Bio-oil

  • Liquid Characteristics and Quality

  • Significant Factors Affecting Characteristics

  • Norms and Standards

  • Bio-oil Upgrading

  • Chemical and Catalytic Upgrading of Bio-oil

  • Conclusions

  • References