9. Hybrid Processing

  1. Robert C. Brown
  1. Dongwon Choi1,
  2. Alan A. Dispirito2,
  3. David C. Chipman3 and
  4. Robert C. Brown4

Published Online: 16 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119990840.ch9

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

How to Cite

Choi, D., Dispirito, A. A., Chipman, D. C. and Brown, R. C. (2011) Hybrid Processing, in Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power (ed R. C. Brown), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119990840.ch9

Editor Information

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Texas A&M University – Commerce, Commerce, TX 75429, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, USA

  3. 3

    Center for Sustainable Environmental Technologies and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, USA

  4. 4

    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 11 MAR 2011

Book Series:

  1. Wiley Series in Renewable Resources

Book Series Editors:

  1. Christian V. Stevens

Series Editor Information

  1. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470721117

Online ISBN: 9781119990840

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Keywords:

  • hybrid processing;
  • metabolic pathways, for biomass conversion - into liquid fuels and bio-plastics;
  • carbohydrate polymer fractions, starch, cellulose and hemicelluloses - physicochemically, or biochemically hydrolyzed to fermentable sugars;
  • hybrid thermochemical/biological processing - or simply hybrid processing;
  • syngas fermentation - syngas conversion to fuels and chemicals via two routes, catalytic and biocatalytic;
  • syngas fermentation, two-stage process - biomass gasification and bacterial fermentation, producing fuel and chemical products;
  • metabolic pathways for acetogenic CO utilizers (Wood–Ljungdahl pathway) - enzymatic reactions reducing formate (HCOOH) to methyl moiety;
  • syngas utilization for fuels and chemical productions - H2 and CO utilization for alcohol production;
  • bio-oil fermentation, and pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass - bio-oil, with char and volatile gas mixture;
  • directed-evolution approach, three steps - diversification, selection and amplification

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Syngas Fermentation

  • Bio-oil Fermentation

  • References