42. Cognitive–Behavioural Therapy for Children and Adolescents

  1. David Skuse3,4,
  2. Helen Bruce5,6,
  3. Linda Dowdney3 and
  4. David Mrazek7
  1. Cathy Creswell1 and
  2. Thomas G. O'Connor2

Published Online: 2 JUN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119993971.ch42

Child Psychology and Psychiatry: Frameworks for Practice, Second Edition

Child Psychology and Psychiatry: Frameworks for Practice, Second Edition

How to Cite

Creswell, C. and O'Connor, T. G. (2011) Cognitive–Behavioural Therapy for Children and Adolescents, in Child Psychology and Psychiatry: Frameworks for Practice, Second Edition (eds D. Skuse, H. Bruce, L. Dowdney and D. Mrazek), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119993971.ch42

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK

  2. 4

    Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK

  3. 5

    East London NHS Foundation Trust, UK

  4. 6

    London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK

  5. 7

    Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, RG6 6AL, UK

  2. 2

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Blvd, Rochester, NY 14642, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 2 JUN 2011
  2. Published Print: 17 JUN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470973820

Online ISBN: 9781119993971



  • anxiety;
  • cognitive–behavioural therapy;
  • depression;
  • development;
  • family


Cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT) is a treatment model that is now widely applied to a range of clinical disorders in children and adolescents. Many studies have used the ‘gold-standard’ randomized controlled trial to show that CBT can be an effective treatment, with much of the evidence focusing on depression and anxiety and typically reporting recovery rates of approximately 50%. Nonetheless, variability in treatment response is significant. Studies using both child-focused and child-plus family components have also been reported, which aim to improve treatment outcomes and to understand better the processes by which anxiety, depression and other disorders may be transmitted in families. There is also growing interest in using CBT-based principles in preventive interventions, with anxiety and depression, again, attracting the most attention. In summary, CBT has emerged as a major clinical model for researching basic principles in development and psychopathology and for shaping public health applications of clinical science.