2. Wind Characteristics and Resources

  1. J. F. Manwell1,
  2. J. G. McGowan1 and
  3. A. L. Rogers2

Published Online: 28 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781119994367.ch2

Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition

Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition

How to Cite

Manwell, J. F., McGowan, J. G. and Rogers, A. L. (2009) Wind Characteristics and Resources, in Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119994367.ch2

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts, USA

  2. 2

    DNV – Global Energy Concepts, Washington, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 DEC 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470015001

Online ISBN: 9781119994367



  • wind characteristics and resources - topics in wind energy;
  • knowledge of wind characteristics, at particular sites - relevant to certain topics;
  • operation requirements, need for wind resource information - for load management, operational procedures;
  • wind resource measurement techniques and instrumentation;
  • global origins of wind resource;
  • global winds, and pressure differences - across earth's surface, uneven heating of earth by solar radiation;
  • surface winds of worldwide circulation pattern;
  • turbulent wind, and longitudinal, lateral and vertical components;
  • statistically based technique, widely used - the Measure–Correlate–Predict (MCP) approach;
  • European-based ANEMOS project work - accurate and robust models, outperforming current state-of-the-art forecasting models for onshore and offshore applications


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • General Characteristics of the Wind Resource

  • Characteristics of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer

  • Wind Data Analysis and Resource Estimation

  • Wind Turbine Energy Production Estimates Using Statistical Techniques

  • Regional Wind Resource Assessment

  • Wind Prediction and Forecasting

  • Wind Measurement and Instrumentation

  • Advanced Topics

  • References