3. Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines

  1. J. F. Manwell1,
  2. J. G. McGowan1 and
  3. A. L. Rogers2

Published Online: 28 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781119994367.ch3

Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition

Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition

How to Cite

Manwell, J. F., McGowan, J. G. and Rogers, A. L. (2009) Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines, in Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119994367.ch3

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Massachusetts, USA

  2. 2

    DNV – Global Energy Concepts, Washington, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 DEC 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470015001

Online ISBN: 9781119994367



  • wind turbine aerodynamics;
  • wind turbine power production - and interaction between rotor and wind;
  • practical horizontal axis wind turbine designs - and airfoils, transforming kinetic energy in wind into useful energy;
  • classical analysis of wind turbine - originally, developed by Betz and Glauert, 1930s;
  • aerodynamic losses and off-design performance;
  • one-dimensional momentum theory and the Betz Limit;
  • airfoils, structures with specific geometric shapes - generating mechanical forces, due to relative motion of airfoil and fluid;
  • pitching moment, function of integral of moments of pressure forces - quarter chord over surface of airfoil;
  • momentum theory and blade element theory;
  • simplified HAWT rotor performance calculation procedure


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • General Overview

  • One-dimensional Momentum Theory and the Betz Limit

  • Ideal Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine with Wake Rotation

  • Airfoils and General Concepts of Aerodynamics

  • Blade Design for Modern Wind Turbines

  • Momentum Theory and Blade Element Theory

  • Blade Shape for Ideal Rotor without Wake Rotation

  • General Rotor Blade Shape Performance Prediction

  • Blade Shape for Optimum Rotor with Wake Rotation

  • Generalized Rotor Design Procedure

  • Simplified HAWT Rotor Performance Calculation Procedure

  • Effect of Drag and Blade Number on Optimum Performance

  • Computational and Aerodynamic Issues in Aerodynamic Design

  • Aerodynamics of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines

  • References