5. Psychological Interventions for Trauma Exposure and PTSD

  1. Dan J. Stein MD, PhD2,3,
  2. Matthew J. Friedman MD4,5 and
  3. Carlos Blanco MD, PhD6
  1. Richard A. Bryant

Published Online: 15 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781119998471.ch5

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

How to Cite

Bryant, R. A. (2011) Psychological Interventions for Trauma Exposure and PTSD, in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (eds D. J. Stein, M. J. Friedman and C. Blanco), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781119998471.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

  2. 3

    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

  3. 4

    Department of Psychiatry and of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Dartmouth Medical School, USA

  4. 5

    National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Hanover, NH, USA

  5. 6

    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Author Information

  1. University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 JUL 2011

Book Series:

  1. World Psychiatric Association Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Helen Herrman

Series Editor Information

  1. WPA Secretary for Publications, University of Melbourne, Australia

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470688977

Online ISBN: 9781119998471



  • psychological interventions - for trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD);
  • psychological interventions, first-line treatment - for PTSD;
  • major variants of psychological interventions - and clinical guidelines;
  • trauma-focused therapy - and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT);
  • major psychological interventions - CBT for PTSD, psychoeducation and anxiety management;
  • mechanisms underpinning CBT techniques - models, fear-conditioning and cognitive models of PTSD;
  • cognitive models, essentiality - of correcting catastrophic, extreme appraisals of traumatic experience;
  • eye-movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) - a variant of CBT;
  • post-traumatic agoraphobia and panic disorder - and panic attacks, responses to trauma;
  • trauma-focused therapy contraindications - excessive avoidance


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Historical Overview

  • Major Psychological Interventions

  • Summary of the Evidence

  • Clinical Guidelines

  • Comorbidity

  • Trauma-Focused Therapy Contraindications

  • Conclusion

  • References