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Oilseed Brassicas

Part 2. Transgenic Oilseed Crops

  1. Yuhai Cui1,
  2. Jayantilal Patel2,
  3. Jitao Zou3,
  4. Wilfred A. Keller3

Published Online: 15 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781405181099.k0202

Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants

Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants

How to Cite

Cui, Y., Patel, J., Zou, J. and Keller, W. A. 2009. Oilseed Brassicas. Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants. 2:2:83–124.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Southern Crop Protection and Food Research Centre, London, Ontario, Canada

  2. 2

    Pioneer Hi-Bred Production Ltd., Caledon, Ontario, Canada

  3. 3

    Plant Biotechnology Institute, National Research Council of Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2009

Abstract

This chapter on oilseed brassicas contains three sections: Introduction, Development of Transgenic Oilseed Brassicas, and Future Roadmap. In the first section, after a brief summary on the history, origin, distribution, and the biology of Brassicas, we review in detail the development history of oilseed canola and their production in major growing countries. We then review the traditional breeding efforts for genetic improvements of the crop and the rationale for transgenic breeding. In the second section, we review in detail the transgenic traits developed, including resistance to herbicides, insects, diseases and stresses and the modification of seed quality traits, followed by a review of the transformation strategies, selection of transformed tissues and regeneration of whole plants. Lastly, in the third section, we discuss the future directions to further improve the productivity of the crop to meet the pressing market needs, particularly the opportunities provided by the knowledge generated/being generated by genomics.

Keywords:

  • oilseeds;
  • brassicas;
  • rapeseed;
  • canola;
  • breeding;
  • genetic improvement;
  • transgenic traits;
  • transformation;
  • regeneration