Part 4. Transgenic Temperate Fruits and Nuts
Published Online: 15 APR 2009
Copyright © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants
How to Cite
Callahan, A. M. 2009. Plums. Compendium of Transgenic Crop Plants. 4:4:93–120.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2009
Plums arose in three distinct regions, European plums (Prunus domestica and others) from southern Europe and Asia Minor, Japanese plums (Prunus salicina and others) from China, and the American plums (Prunus Americana and others) from North America. The two major commercial species of plum are P. domestica (primarily for the dried fruit industry) and P. salicina (primarily for the fresh fruit industry). Breeding efforts have resulted in many high quality fruit cultivars that have been adapted for various local environmental and disease pressures. At present though, there have been few successes in breeding for resistance to plum pox potyvirus, a virus that not only affects the marketability of the fruit crop but the health of the tree. A number of research groups have begun to develop the techniques necessary to introduce resistance to plum pox virus through genetic engineering. These efforts have resulted in “HoneySweet”, a prune plum (P. domestica) that has been found to be highly resistant to plum pox virus in field trials. Work is continuing on improving the techniques used to engineer a plum pox virus-resistant plum as well as producing more cultivars of plum with the resistance.
- Prunus domestica;
- Prunus salicina;
- plum pox potyvirus;
- gene silencing