Standard Article

Academies of the Arabic Language and the Standardization of Arabic

  1. Dinha T. Gorgis

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0002

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Gorgis, D. T. 2012. Academies of the Arabic Language and the Standardization of Arabic. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

Abstract

The term academy, as conceptualized in the Arab world today, is often associated with Bayt al-Hikmah (lit. House of Wisdom), a major intellectual center created by al-Ma'mun in 830 CE. The story of the Arab Language Academy (ALA) cannot be appreciated without taking into consideration Arab achievements in the intellectual domain during the two centuries (c. 750–950) that can be said to be the climax of the Arab world's medieval period, the so-called Islamic Golden Age, which is thought to have started by the middle of the eighth century with the transfer of the Abbasid capital from Damascus to Baghdad. Conservatives often take this period as the impetus for present-day language standardization and cultural revival.

Keywords:

  • globalization;
  • language planning;
  • language policy;
  • identity;
  • literacy;
  • translation