Standard Article

Affect and Language Teaching

  1. Jean-Marc Dewaele

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0011

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Dewaele, J.-M. 2012. Affect and Language Teaching. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Affect is at the heart of the foreign language (FL) learning and teaching process and yet, as Garrett and Young (2009) point out: “affect and emotion are terms that have been in the shadows of discussions of classroom foreign language learning, where the primary focus has been on the development of knowledge and use of the new language” (p. 209). The crucial role of the teacher is to nurture positive affect within the group of learners (Arnold, 1999). This implies a use of teaching techniques to encourage the development of learners' positive attitudes toward the FL and the FL culture, to strengthen their self-belief in their capacity to learn an FL, to increase their motivation to become capable users of the FL, and to control their foreign language anxiety (FLA). Numerous researchers have reflected on the best ways to achieve these goals. I will present a short overview of ways to achieve the goals, and I will reflect on the underlying theories.


  • affect;
  • attitudes;
  • emotion;
  • foreign language anxiety;
  • motivation;
  • teacher traits