Standard Article

Assessment of Business and Professional Language for Specific Purposes

  1. Jane Lockwood

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0050

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Lockwood, J. 2012. Assessment of Business and Professional Language for Specific Purposes. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


The use of English in international worksites and across business and professions has grown rapidly since the 1980s. Multinational companies doing business worldwide need to communicate and negotiate with each other; global professionals need to build knowledge together across linguistic and cultural boundaries; governments and NGOs need to keep the peace and help build developing countries; and immigrants with professional and occupational aspirations and qualifications need to find work in their new homelands. These situations predominantly use English as their lingua franca (Graddol, 2006). English-language competency has become a global core skill and a highly valued commodity in today's world of work. Therefore developing and measuring business and professional language competence is understandably in high demand.


  • assessment methods in applied linguistics;
  • discourse analysis;
  • esl/efl