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Baker, Colin

  1. W. Gwyn Lewis

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0071

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Lewis, W. G. 2012. Baker, Colin. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Colin Ronald Baker, widely acknowledged as one of the most perceptive leading international scholars in the field of bilingualism and bilingual education, was born on October 1, 1949 to a monolingual English family in Danbury, Essex, southeast England. Having attended the local primary school in Danbury and King Edward VI Grammar School in Chelmsford, he crossed the border to Wales to receive his higher education at Bangor, a university that specializes in bilingualism and which is situated in a city in the heartland of Welsh-speaking Wales where the indigenous population is fluently bilingual in English and Welsh. He graduated with First Class Honors in Educational Studies before obtaining his PhD in Social Psychology. One of his influential tutors at Bangor was W. R. Jones, who had a worldwide reputation for research and writing on bilingualism and intelligence, language attitudes, and the effectiveness of bilingual education, and so the seeds were sown for Baker's distinguished career in this particular field.


  • bilingualism;
  • language maintenance;
  • language teaching;
  • language in the classroom;
  • methods