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Bilingual Education and Immigration

  1. Viv Edwards

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0092

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Edwards, V. 2012. Bilingual Education and Immigration. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


“Globalization”—or economic activity across national frontiers—is a relatively new term, usually applied to more recent population movements. The process to which it refers, however, started in the late 19th century, slowed in the period from the start of World War I, and has been gaining speed ever since, assisted by increasingly sophisticated communications and transport technologies (Education, Audiovisual, and Culture Executive Agency [ESCWA], 2008). From the 1960s, migration began to involve a wider range of sending and receiving countries (Spellman, 2002); since the late 1990s, the nature and extent of this migration have undergone further rapid changes. This new migration has been characterized by “super-diversity” or “the diversification of diversity” (Vertovec, 2006).


  • bilingualism;
  • educational linguistics;
  • language in the classroom;
  • heritage languages;
  • immigration and emigration;
  • multilingualism