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Citizenship Education

  1. Michael Byram

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0130

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Byram, M. 2012. Citizenship Education. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Citizenship education, whether under this label or under some other, such as “civics,”“education civique” or “politische Bildung,” has a long history; the field is also attracting increasing contemporary interest and, therefore, a source of growing academic literature. The recent appearance of a Handbook of Education for Citizenship and Democracy might indicate that there is a settled body of knowledge to which the book provides guidance, but the tendency to polemic in some of the articles indicates that this is not the case. The appearance of collections of essays too in which there is frequent reference to “dilemmas” or to new theories and terms, is another indicator of flux.


  • culture;
  • language teaching;
  • citizenship