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Classroom Research

  1. Nina Spada

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0136

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Spada, N. 2012. Classroom Research. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Classroom research (CR) in applied linguistics has evolved from descriptions of pedagogic practices used primarily for second/foreign language (L2) teacher training purposes, to experimental investigations of the effects of instruction on L2 learning, to analyses of a wide range of learner factors that are thought to contribute to more (or less) successful learning. Below CR is defined along with a description of how it has evolved, how it has been conducted and the types of questions and topics that have been investigated.


  • language in the classroom;
  • research methods in applied linguistics;
  • second language acquisition