Corpus Analysis of Historical Documents
Published Online: 5 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics
How to Cite
Tranter, K. 2012. Corpus Analysis of Historical Documents. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .
- Published Online: 5 NOV 2012
Historical documents are often used in applied linguistics as a source for studying the structure and use of language in the past. Linguists compile corpora such as the Representative Corpus of Historical English Registers (ARCHER; http://www.llc.manchester.ac.uk/research/projects/archer/) or the Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Early Modern English (PPCEME, 2004; http://www.ling.upenn.edu/hist-corpora/PPCEME_RELEASE-2/index.html), using a variety of text types and covering a wide period. They are used for diachronic linguistic studies, to show, for example, lexical or grammatical differences between Early Modern English and present-day English (e.g., Hundt, 2007), or the structure of a particular language variety (e.g., Dollinger, 2008). In this way the analysis of historical corpora contributes to the understanding of earlier forms of a language and of language variety and change.
- discourse analysis;