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Critical Race Theory and Qualitative Research

  1. Ryuko Kubota

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0286

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Kubota, R. 2012. Critical Race Theory and Qualitative Research. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Critical race theory (CRT) developed in the scholarly field of legal studies in the United States, and was later introduced to the fields of education and applied linguistics. It is built on the recognition that racism is endemic to American society. CRT foregrounds race-based critiques exposing—through counter-storytelling that challenges majoritarian narratives favoring White privilege—the injuries of racism experienced by people of color with the aim of eradicating racism and other social injustice. It challenges the normalcy of White Eurocentrism in various facets of everyday life, while acknowledging the dynamic and diverse nature of the experiences of racially subordinated groups. As such, CRT problematizes and rejects a modernist pursuit of the monolithic objective truth that explains human experiences and social practices through a lens of Whiteness. CRT is philosophically compatible with critical intellectual approaches such as postmodernism, poststructuralism, critical pedagogies, and critical multicultural education.


  • culture;
  • discrimination;
  • ethnicity;
  • identity;
  • ideology;
  • racism