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Empowerment and Bilingual Education

  1. Jim Cummins

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0368

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Cummins, J. 2012. Empowerment and Bilingual Education. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


In educational discourse, the term empowerment has been used predominantly in the context of discussions of equity and social justice.


  • esl/efl;
  • educational linguistics;
  • ethnicity and culture