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Multilingual Education in North America

  1. Ester J. De Jong

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0788

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

De Jong, E. J. 2012. Multilingual Education in North America. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Bilingual and multilingual education is one form of schooling that has developed worldwide in response to the linguistic and cultural diversity that characterizes countries all over the world as a result of continuing migration, transmigration, and globalization. Simply defined, bilingual education is instruction that uses two languages as media of instruction. By extension, multilingual education programs are programs whose goals include proficiency in more than two languages. In the North American context, bilingual programs are more common than multilingual education programs.


  • bilingualism;
  • endangered languages;
  • language policy;
  • multilingualism