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Research Methods and World Englishes

  1. Margie Berns

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal1007

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Berns, M. 2012. Research Methods and World Englishes. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


World Englishes (WE) is a multidisciplinary field, and as such involves a wide variety of research traditions. The approaches to inquiry adopted and the methodologies and techniques selected for gathering, analyzing, and interpreting data and information are as varied as the disciplines within which studies on the Englishes of the world are conducted. For example, social science-based investigations usually adopt qualitative and quantitative methodologies. More language-based projects may draw on descriptive and historical methods of information-gathering and analysis while literary studies may choose from dominant critical theoretical frameworks. Thus, an attempt at cataloging the research methods associated with World Englishes is not a straightforward task.


  • esl/efl;
  • sociolinguistics;
  • World Englishes