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Self-Access and Independent Learning Centers

  1. Hayo Reinders

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal1059

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Reinders, H. 2012. Self-Access and Independent Learning Centers. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Self-access centers (SACs) are learner-oriented language learning environments that encourage the development of learner autonomy. SACs provide materials, activities, and staff support to help learners develop the skills necessary for taking control over the content, pace, and method of their learning. SACs do not have to be physical spaces (although in practice they often are); increasingly, learning environments are being designed that either combine a physical space with an online support system or provide all elements of self-access online. SACs are especially common at tertiary institutions, although they exist at all other school levels, including in primary schools.


  • CALL;
  • esl/efl;
  • language teaching;
  • language for academic purposes;
  • language for specific purposes