Standard Article

Swales, John M.

  1. Betty Samraj

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal1132

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Samraj, B. 2012. Swales, John M.. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


Perhaps most widely known for the create-a-research-space (CARS) model to account for the rhetorical structure of research article introductions, John M. Swales has made an indelible mark on English for specific purposes (ESP) through his many discourse studies of academic genres and by the significance of his publications on the relationship of linguistic research to the teaching of English for academic purposes (EAP), the role of English in the research world, and materials development for advanced academic writing.


  • CARS model;
  • ELT;
  • ESP;
  • genre analysis;
  • research articles