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Bias in Language Assessment

  1. Catherine Elder

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal1198

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Elder, C. 2012. Bias in Language Assessment. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


The study of bias in language assessment (as in other areas of educational measurement) is bound up with notions of fairness or disadvantage affecting particular groups of test takers.


  • fairness in language assessment;
  • statistical analysis of test results;
  • validation of language assessments;
  • values in language assessment