Published Online: 5 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics
How to Cite
Tarone, E. 2012. Trimble, Louis. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics.
- Published Online: 5 NOV 2012
Louis Preston Trimble (1917–88) was a leader of the American “Washington School” of rhetorically based research on English for science and technology (EST). EST mostly concerns English-medium scientific and technical writing focused on facts and hypotheses about facts, and includes journal articles, teaching textbooks, and technical manuals (Trimble, 1985, pp. 5–6). The Washington School was a group of scholars at the University of Washington in Seattle between 1967 and 1988 who were then considered “the only serious and influential” group in the USA working on EST (Swales, 1985, p. 58). Trimble led this group in the development of the “grammatical-rhetorical” approach, which fundamentally assumed that in researching scientific and technical language use, it is not sufficient to identify grammatical forms in isolated sentences; rather, it is important to identify the relationships between such grammatical forms and their rhetorical function in the discourse. Discourse is here defined as a collection of connected sentences and paragraphs that together make up a coherent, cohesive text. The “grammatical-rhetorical” EST researcher aims to study the rhetorical organization and functional content of EST discourse as well as its “rhetorical-grammatical” relationships—for example, the way tense markers function in such rhetorical devices as defining, classifying, describing, or evaluating information (Trimble, 1985).
- language teaching;
- language for academic purposes;
- language for specific purposes;