Standard Article

World Englishes and Assessment

  1. Peter Lowenberg

Published Online: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal1290

The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

How to Cite

Lowenberg, P. 2012. World Englishes and Assessment. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 NOV 2012


In tests of English as an international language, the prevailing assumption has long been that the universal target for proficiency in English around the world is the set of norms for Standard English that are accepted and followed by highly educated native speakers of English in the countries of Braj Kachru's Inner Circle (B. Kachru, 1985), particularly Great Britain and the United States.


  • esl/efl;
  • morphology;
  • syntax;
  • World Englishes;
  • assessment