Chapter 1. General Principles of Training

  1. Professor Martin P. Schwellnus MBBCh, MSc, MD
  1. Michael I. Lambert PhD5,
  2. Wayne Viljoen PhD1,
  3. Andrew Bosch PhD2,
  4. Alan J. Pearce PhD3 and
  5. Mark Sayers PhD4

Published Online: 29 JAN 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444300635.ch1

Olympic Textbook of Medicine in Sport

Olympic Textbook of Medicine in Sport

How to Cite

Lambert, M. I., Viljoen, W., Bosch, A., Pearce, A. J. and Sayers, M. (2008) General Principles of Training, in Olympic Textbook of Medicine in Sport (ed M. P. Schwellnus), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444300635.ch1

Editor Information

  1. UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Author Information

  1. 1

    Sport Science Institute of South Africa, Newlands, Cape Town, South Africa

  2. 2

    UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa

  3. 3

    Centre for Aging, Rehabilitation, Exercise and Sport (CARES), School of Human Movement, Recreation and Performance, Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

  4. 4

    Centre for Healthy Activities, Sport and Exercise (CHASE), Faculty of Science, Health and Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia

  5. 5

    UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2009
  2. Published Print: 10 OCT 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405156370

Online ISBN: 9781444300635

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Keywords:

  • biologic process of training;
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH);
  • factors affecting physical performance;
  • fitness components associated with sport;
  • basic principles of training;
  • basic errors in training;
  • training to increase muscle strength and power;
  • resistance training for sport;
  • training to improve endurance;
  • training for skill acquisition

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • History

  • Biologic process of training

  • Factors affecting physical performance

  • Fitness components associated with sport

  • Basic principles of training

  • Basic errors in training

  • Program design

  • Resistance training for sport

  • Goal setting

  • Limitations to training

  • Start easily

  • Training intensity

  • Training structure

  • Regularity of training

  • Frequency of training

  • Training duration

  • High intensity training

  • Hard day, easy day principle

  • Tapering

  • Peaking and subsequent decline in competitive performance

  • Recovery

  • Heart rate monitoring

  • Weight training

  • Stretching

  • Overtraining

  • Physiologic basis of motor skill acquisition

  • Theories of motor skill acquisition

  • Conclusions

  • References