Chapter 38. Cross-Linguistic Phonological Acquisition

  1. Martin J. Ball Head Past President2,
  2. Dr. Michael R. Perkins Professor founder member Vice-President3,
  3. Dr. Nicole Müller2 and
  4. Sara Howard Senior Lecturer speech-language therapist pathologist President3
  1. David Ingram Professor Chair

Published Online: 6 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444301007.ch38

The Handbook of Clinical Linguistics

The Handbook of Clinical Linguistics

How to Cite

Ingram, D. (2008) Cross-Linguistic Phonological Acquisition, in The Handbook of Clinical Linguistics (eds M. J. Ball, M. R. Perkins, N. Müller and S. Howard), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444301007.ch38

Editor Information

  1. 2

    University of Louisiana, Lafayette, USA

  2. 3

    Department of Human Communication Sciences, University of Sheffield, UK

Author Information

  1. Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Arizona State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 28 MAR 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405135221

Online ISBN: 9781444301007



  • cross-linguistic phonological acquisition;
  • Optimality Theory (OT);
  • children and beginnings of phonological organization of target language;
  • cross-linguistic research;
  • whole-word complexity and proximity;
  • nature of phonological impairment;
  • cross-linguistic research - critical to understanding phonological acquisition in developing children;
  • phonological mean length of utterance, or pMLU


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Determinants of Early Phonological Acquisition

  • The Nature of Phonological Impairment

  • Future Directions

  • References