Chapter 8. Diarrhea

  1. Mark Loeb BSc, MD, MSc, FRCPC Professor3,4,
  2. Fiona Smaill MB, ChB, FRCPC Department Chair Professor of Pathology3 and
  3. Marek Smieja MD, DIP, MSc, PhD, FRCPC Associate Professor3,5
  1. Guy De Bruyn MBBCh, BCh, MPH Programme Director1 and
  2. Alain Bouckenooghe MD2

Published Online: 17 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444301601.ch8

Evidence-Based Infectious Diseases, Second Edition

Evidence-Based Infectious Diseases, Second Edition

How to Cite

De Bruyn, G. and Bouckenooghe, A. (2009) Diarrhea, in Evidence-Based Infectious Diseases, Second Edition (eds M. Loeb, F. Smaill and M. Smieja), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444301601.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

  2. 4

    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

  3. 5

    Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    HIV Prevention Studies, Perinatal HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

  2. 2

    Clinical R & D, Head Asia Pacific, Sanofi Pasteur, Singapore

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 DEC 2009
  2. Published Print: 28 AUG 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170260

Online ISBN: 9781444301601

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • diarrhea;
  • diarrhea, syndrome readily recognized;
  • time to clinical presentation - varying with causative agent;
  • stool culture - culture of fresh stool specimens, standard for determining etiologic diagnosis;
  • formulation of oral rehydration solution (ORS) - tested in prospective studies;
  • acute diarrhea in adults - typically self-limited;
  • antisecretory agents;
  • Eschericia coli O157:H7 (EHEC) and shiga-toxin-producing E.coli strains - and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS);
  • diarrhea during hospitalization - infectious or noninfectious causes;
  • antidiarrheals - nonspecific treatment with loperamide, loperamide oxide, diphenoxylate-atropine, codeine

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

  • Prognosis

  • Glossary

  • References