Chapter 2. Deep Roots of Kin

Developing the Evolutionary Perspective from Prehistory

  1. Nicholas J. Allen Reader2,
  2. Hilary Callan Director3,
  3. Robin Dunbar Professor Director4 and
  4. Wendy James Professor Emeritus Fellow committed social anthropologist5
  1. John A. J. Gowlett Professor

Published Online: 30 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444302714.ch2

Early Human Kinship: From Sex to Social Reproduction

Early Human Kinship: From Sex to Social Reproduction

How to Cite

Gowlett, J. A. J. (2008) Deep Roots of Kin, in Early Human Kinship: From Sex to Social Reproduction (eds N. J. Allen, H. Callan, R. Dunbar and W. James), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444302714.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Oxford, UK

  2. 3

    Royal Anthropological Institute, Great Britain

  3. 4

    University of Oxford, UK

  4. 5

    St Cross College, Oxford, UK

Author Information

  1. University of Liverpool, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 6 JUN 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405179010

Online ISBN: 9781444302714



  • deep roots of kin - archaeological evidence outlining models and ideas of kin;
  • conceptual frameworks in human evolution;
  • social context of apeness - context for hominid developments;
  • models for earliest hominids;
  • models for homo erectus (and the Acheulean);
  • deep roots of modernity;
  • modernity and diversification;
  • bridging gap between biological perspectives and highly complex later cultural behaviour;
  • kinship - issues of ordering of prime importance


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction: Deep Roots of Kin

  • Conceptual Framework

  • The Background of the Apes

  • Models for the Earliest Hominids

  • Models for Early Toolmakers

  • Models for Homo erectus (and the Acheulean)

  • Deep Roots of Modernity

  • Modernity and Diversification

  • Discussion

  • Conclusion