Chapter 10. Capture–Mark–Recapture Studies for Estimating Abundance and Density

  1. Michael J. Conroy and
  2. John P. Carroll

Published Online: 10 FEB 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444303155.ch10

Quantitative Conservation of Vertebrates

Quantitative Conservation of Vertebrates

How to Cite

Conroy, M. J. and Carroll, J. P. (2009) Capture–Mark–Recapture Studies for Estimating Abundance and Density, in Quantitative Conservation of Vertebrates, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444303155.ch10

Author Information

  1. University of Georgia, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 FEB 2009
  2. Published Print: 9 JAN 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405190985

Online ISBN: 9781444303155



  • capture, marking, and recapture of animals - abundance and density estimation;
  • capture–mark–recapture (CMR);
  • CMR and capture probabilities;
  • estimation models and useful notational conventions;
  • Lincoln–Petersen method Lincoln–Petersen (L–P);
  • data and estimation model;
  • Meeting Lincoln–Petersen assumptions;
  • Multiple sample CMR (Schnabel census);
  • removal sampling


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Basics of capture-mark-recapture

  • Two-sample (Lincoln-Petersen)

  • Multiple sample CMR methods (Schnabel census)

  • Removal sampling

  • Estimation of density with CMR

  • Other methods

  • Summary