Chapter 54. Overview of Electrolyte and Acid–Base Disorders

  1. Donald A. Molony MD2,3 and
  2. Jonathan C. Craig MD, PhD4,5
  1. L. Lee Hamm MD and
  2. Michael Haderlie MD

Published Online: 4 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444303391.ch54

Evidence-Based Nephrology

Evidence-Based Nephrology

How to Cite

Hamm, L. L. and Haderlie, M. (2008) Overview of Electrolyte and Acid–Base Disorders, in Evidence-Based Nephrology (eds D. A. Molony and J. C. Craig), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444303391.ch54

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Division of Renal Disease and Hypertension, University of Texas, USA

  2. 3

    Houston Medical School, Houston, Texas, USA

  3. 4

    School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia

  4. 5

    Department of Nephrology, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia

Author Information

  1. Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 5 DEC 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405139755

Online ISBN: 9781444303391



  • evidence-based electrolyte disorders;
  • normal physiology of acid–base homeostasis;
  • metabolic acidosis;
  • diagnosis of acid–base disorders;
  • response to simple acid–base disorders;
  • treatment of metabolic acidosis;
  • acid–base disorders;
  • metabolic alkalosis


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction to evidence-based electrolyte disorders section

  • Normal physiology of acid-base homeostasis

  • Diagnosis of acid-base disorders

  • Metabolic acidosis

  • Treatment of metabolic acidosis

  • Treatment of other causes of metabolic acidosis

  • Metabolic alkalosis

  • Summary

  • References