Chapter 3. Critical Appraisal: General Issues in Emergency Medicine

  1. Brian H. Rowe MD, MSc, CCFP(EM), FCCP Professor Research Director
  1. Suneel Upadhye MD, MSc, FRCPC, ABEM Assistant Clinical Professor

Published Online: 27 FEB 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444303674.ch3

Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine

Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine

How to Cite

Upadhye, S. (2008) Critical Appraisal: General Issues in Emergency Medicine, in Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine (ed B. H. Rowe), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444303674.ch3

Editor Information

  1. Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Author Information

  1. Division of Emergency Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 FEB 2009
  2. Published Print: 31 OCT 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405161435

Online ISBN: 9781444303674



  • critical appraisal;
  • critical appraisal tools in creating and consuming medical literature;
  • critical appraisal of medical literature and integrating evidence-based medicine into clinical practice;
  • MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane: electronic databases search;
  • QAP, quality assessment process - progress of new knowledge through publication and consumption;
  • Cochrane Collaboration and allocation concealment checklists;
  • Quality assessment of RCTs using concealment of allocation;
  • summary table of fatal flaws missed by critical appraisal tools


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Clinical scenario

  • Background

  • Clinical questions

  • General search strategy

  • Critical review of the literature:

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • Conflicts of interest

  • References